This amazing turf house in the picturesque landscape of Iceland is not an uncommon sight, it was the traditional way Icelandic settlers built their homes when they first settled all the way up to the mid 20th century.
The thick walls and turf roof was designed to keep heat in and weather out in a very successful way, this was essential during the long cold winters.
Commonly the turf houses would be built from the ground up starting with a large foundation crafted from various sized stones, after crafting the foundations the Icelandic people created a wooden frame to house the turf, this would consist of about 2 layers to ensure the warmth stayed inside the houses, once the turf is laid, a door would be added and work inside can begin, this is usually a big fireplace inside the main room with a few extra amenities.
Iceland is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic, with a population of 360,390 and an area of 103,000 km2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Reykjavik and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population.